history of Greenland is also the story of the First German
North Polar Expedition. Their fathers were the Gothaer
geographer August Petermann (1822-1878) and the captain
Koldewey Carl (1837-1908).
Already two years Petermann had unsuccessfully for a stake
in Germany's polar research advertised as 1867 in Bremen, he
finally was heard. The Director of the Naval School Arthur
Bremer Breusing supported the plans Peter Manns and
organizationally Stellet Koldewey him with an experienced
expedition leader to the side.
On 9 April of 1868 was Koldewey in search of a suitable
vessel in the Norwegian mountains on an almost new Nordic
Jagt, the only eisverstärkt and the equipment had to be
completed. He baptized them in the name GREENLAND and left
with her husband and 12 crew on 24 Bergen in May 1868 with a
course on the Arctic Ocean. His goal has been the regions
north of the 75th Latitude.
On 4 August 1868, he came at 75 ° N in the Near East
Greenland, but could not reach the coast. He turned round
and on 18 August North of Svalbard. On 15 September 1868,
finally reached GREENLAND with a width of 81 ° 4,5 'N the
northernmost point that a vessel without each auxiliary
engine is reached.
After a short stay in Bergen GREENLAND came in the evening
of the 9th October in Bremerhaven, where the ship and crew
is preparing a triumphant reception was. The findings, which
Koldewey collected during this expedition had been the way
for the development of the German polar research.
Despite their successful expedition was the GREENLAND in
further research operations are no longer involved. She lay
in Bremerhaven on until 1871 in her home country Norway was
sold. There, she moved to the next hundred years, several
owners and was, as coastal freighters and fishing vessels in
use, from 1970 until she Osloer Kaufmann Egil Bjorn-Hansen
was discovered. GREENLAND He wanted the first time as a
museum ship at the Norwegian coastal use. His plan to be
shattered in 1972 with Roald Amundsen polar vehicle GJÖA a
more significant Norway exhibit was acquired.
Under a charter party, the GREENLAND as an attraction for
Olympic exhibition "Man and the Sea" to Kiel, and served
there as a backdrop for film and television recordings. In
January 1973, finally acquired the German Maritime Museum by
his former director Gerd GREENLAND Schlechtriem the ship as
a museum and so she returned to Bremerhaven.