Sagres is a tall ship and school ship of the Portuguese Navy since
1961. It is the third ship with this name in the Portuguese Navy, so
she is also known as Sagres III.
The three-masted ship was launched under the name Albert Leo
Schlageter on 30 October 1937 at Blohm & Voss in Hamburg for the
German navy (Kriegsmarine). It thus is a sistership of the Gorch Fock,
the Horst Wessel, and the Romanian training vessel Mircea. Another
sister, Herbert Norkus, was not completed, while Gorch Fock II was
built in 1958 by the Germans to replace the ships lost after the war.
The ship was named after Albert Leo Schlageter, who was executed in
1923 by French forces occupying the Ruhr area.
The ship is a steel-built three masted barque, with square sails on
the fore and main masts and gaff rigging on the mizzen mast. Her main
mast rises 42 m above the deck. She carries 22 sails totalling about
2,000 m² (21,000 ft²) and can reach a top speed of 17 knots (31 km/h)
under sail. She has a sparred length of 89 m (295 ft), a width of 12 m
(40 ft), a draught of 5.2 m (17 ft), and a displacement at full load
of 1,755 tons.
Following a number of international training voyages, the ship was
used as a stationary office ship after the outbreak of World War II
and was only put into ocean-going service again in 1944 in the Baltic
Sea. On 14 November 1944 she hit a Soviet mine off Sassnitz and had to
be towed to port in Swinemünde. Eventually transferred to Flensburg,
she was taken over there by the Allies when the war ended and finally
confiscated by the United States.
In 1948, the US sold her to Brazil for a symbolic price of $5000 USD.
She was towed to Rio de Janeiro, and for Brazil she sailed as a school
ship for the Brazilian Navy under the name Guanabara. In 1961, the
Portuguese Navy bought her to replace the old school ship Sagres II
(which was transferred to Hamburg, where she is a museum ship under
her original name Rickmer Rickmers). The Portuguese Navy renamed her
Sagres (the third ship of that name), and she is still in service.
Gorch Fock (1) (ex Tovarishch)
USCGC Eagle (ex Horst Wessel)
Herbert Norkus, never completed
Mircea, Romanian sail training ship
Gorch Fock (2)